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Volto: Customizing Blocks

Volto: Customizing Blocks

In case a default block does nearly what you want, but needs some extra love.

Use Case

The content of a page should be teasered: Show first part and the rest on click on "read more".

Question

How does the view know what to hide on first rendering?

Solution

I enriched the default Volto text block with an additional attribute "readmore".

src/customizations/components/manage/Blocks/Text/Schema.jsx

import BlockSettingsSchema from '@plone/volto/components/manage/Blocks/Block/Schema';

const Schema = {
  ...BlockSettingsSchema,
  fieldsets: [
    {
      ...BlockSettingsSchema.fieldsets[0],
      fields: ['readmore'],
    },
  ],
  properties: {
    readmore: {
      title: 'Read more',
      description: 'Hide following text. Show on Click.',
      type: 'boolean',
    },
  },
};

export default Schema;

src/customizations/components/manage/Blocks/Text/Edit.jsx

import { SidebarPortal } from '@plone/volto/components';
import InlineForm from '@plone/volto/components/manage/Form/InlineForm';

import schema from './Schema';

snip

  render() {

snip

    return (
      <>
        <SidebarPortal selected={this.props.selected}>
          <InlineForm
            schema={schema}
            title={schema.title}
            onChangeField={(id, value) => {
              this.props.onChangeBlock(this.props.block, {
                ...this.props.data,
                [id]: value,
              });
            }}
            formData={this.props.data}
          />
        </SidebarPortal>

 

With the above customizations the default text block has an additional attribute "readmore".

The default text block has no options to select, so it is per default configured to show the document properties pane in sidebar.

The following modification forces the sidebar to show the block configuration pane instead the one of the document.

src/config.js

const customizedBlocks = {
  text: {
    ...defaultBlocks.blocksConfig.text,
    sidebarTab: 1,
  },
};

export const blocks = {
  ...defaultBlocks,
  blocksConfig: {
    ...defaultBlocks.blocksConfig,
    ...customBlocks,
    ...customizedBlocks,
  },
};

Now a view of the page can distinguish between content blocks to show and these to hide for further reading on click.

 

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